The explanation that the kiss is a gene didn’t match with  scientists opinions, because it is not practiced by all human societies. There are several theories that try to get closer to the memory of feeding breastfeed, or how the ancestors  feed their chickens (see how they feed the birds or mammals chickens after no longer breastfeeding). Although their  teeth are grown, mother persist in behavior just to love them. In support of the idea that the kiss is more learned than instinctive is that not all humans kiss. Some tribes do not do that. While 90% of people kissing, 10% have no idea what they lose. Others believe that the kiss is inborn and make statements in favor of this the evidence that animals practice the same motion. Today I found the motivation that the kiss is to help us out if we have chosen the right partner. When the girls are coming, the boys hormones communicate changing information about how strong  will be the children that we do with that partner. According to LiveScience, for example, women prefer the smell out of men whose genes for some specific proteins of  the immune system is different. This match could give birth to children with a stronger immune system, and with greater chances of survival. Last but not least there is the pleasure explanation. The tongues and our lips are invaded by nerve terminations  that help enhance the sensations for those that are in love and their lips touch.



The great pyramids

The first pyramid was built as the burial place of King Djoser in c.2630 B.C., by his gifted architect Imhotep. It rose in six stages and is called the Step Pyramid. It was supposed to represent a gigantic stairway for yhe king to climb to join the sun-god in the sky. Some later kings had step pyramids too, but in the region of King Sneferu the true pyramid with sloping sides developed. The idea of this pyramid was to create the mound that had emerged out of the watery ground at the beginning of time, on which the sun-god stood and brought the other gods and goddesses into being. The largest pyramid of all is the Great Pyramid at Giza, built for King Khufu in c. 2528 B.C. The pyramids were intended to protect the bodies of the pharaohs buried deep inside them. Later pyramids contained inscriptions of spells to help the pharaoh in the afterlife. Doors of granite and false passages were constructed to deter robbers who came in pursuit of the rich offerings buried with the kings. But by c.1000 B.C. all the pyramids had been robbed of their precious contents.pyramidpyramids pyramids

Famous pharaohs

THE KING was not only the most powerful and important man in Egypt- he was thought to be a god. He was know as the pharaoh- a word which derives from a respectful way of  referring to the king by describing him as the ” great house” ( per-ao ), meaning the palace where he lived. The Queen of Egypt could also be seen as a goddess but was usually given the title of ” Great Royal Wife”- only rarely did women rule Egypt in their own right. There was an effective system of  training a prince to become a pharaoh, involving him becoming an expert sportsman and potential war leader. Often the ruling pharaoh would adopt his heir as “co- regent” to enable a smooth take- over when he died. Princes sometimes had to wait a long time. One pharaoh holds the record for the longest reign we know for any monarch. Pepy II came to the throne when he was six years old. He was still king of Egypt 94 years later when he was 100. It is quite remarkable in Egypt’s long history that we have only a few references to pharaohs being assassinated, usually as a result of a plot in the court to put a prince who was not the true heir on to the throne.


In Akhenaten’s reigh the traditional Egyptian gods were banished- only the sun-god was worshipped. To break the links with other gods, Akhenaten founded a new capital city and closed the temples of others gods. Queen Nefertiti helped her husband set up the cult of the sun-god Aten and probably ruled with him. After their death Tutankhamun and his successors restored the old gods. The names of Akhenaten and Nefertiti became hated and were removed from inscriptions and their temples were torn down.


This ruler came to the throne at only nine years old. He was obviously guided by his high officials, but seems to have been determined to bring back the old gods who had been banished by Akhenaten. The resting place of the young king Tutankhamun was the only tomb of a New Kingdom pharaoh to escape almost untouched by robbers. It was the last of the valley tombs to be discovered, being found by Howard Carter in 1922. Its contents included weapons, clothes, furniture, jewellery, musical instruments, and model boats, as well as the king’s famous coffins and mask. Many of these items were either made of solid gold or were richly decorated with gold leaf. The king was buried with his two still- born daughters and a treasures heirloom- a lock of hair of his grandmother Queen Tiye.


Discover the great civilization of the Nile valley-from the splendors of the pharaoh’s court to the everyday lives of ordinary people!

Egypt before the pharaohs

The period we normally think as “ancient Egypt” is the time when Egypt was ruled by the pharaohs-after c.3000 B.C. But who lived in Egypt before the pharaohs? In the early Stone Age people in Egypt lived on sites fairly high up on the land above the Nile from the Delta to Aswan. From about 5000 B.C., settlers came to Egypt from Palestine and Syria, from the Libyan tribes living to the west, and from Nubia in the south. Shortly before 3000 B.C., traders from southern Iraq also sailed to Egypt and some, attracted by the fertility of the country, stayed on. Soon these early settlers began to grow barley and domesticate cattle, and to build villages of mud huts in parts of the flood plain that seemed safe from the annual Nile flood. The period before 3000 B.C., has left behind objects such as magnificently carved ivories and slate palettes, as well as fine pots, often buried with their owners in brick-lined graves. To be continued…


The first use of the term weblog in relation to the delivery of content on a website comes from the delivery of a paper titled “Exploiting the World-Wide Web for Electronic Meeting Document Analysis and Management” by G. Raikundalia & M. Rees, two lecturers from Bond University on the Gold Coast, Australia made to a conference on August 14, 1995.

“A Web browser access to various meeting document information, such as minutes, tabled documents, reports and document indexes. Applications are being developed to take standard electronic meeting log files, postprocess them in a variety of ways, and generate a series of indexes and summary files. These files are formatted in HTML and exploit hyperlinks to the full in order to relate the different types of information.” Interestingly the term “Weblog” is not featured on the remaining record of the paper, which is now hosted at the Charles Sturt University website, but is featured in its correct context in a Usenet post promoting the papers delivery at Bond posted on August 6, 1995.

The Different Kinds of Blogs

When discussing about blogs, most people are not aware that there is great variety of genres, and that homogeneity is unheard of in the blogosphere.  Just because the interface looks somewhat similar does not mean that the content is as well.  In fact, as the blogging phenomenon exploded, its uses and styles have followed suit every inch of the way.  Hence, this section samples just a small flavour of what is out there in the blogosphere.

Political Blogs

When discussed in the news, the term blog is often understood to refer to a “political blog.” Political blogs may take a number of forms. Often an individual will link to articles from news web sites and post their own comments as well. Others focus on long essays about current political topics. Most news, activism, and issue-based blogs follow the same format. In fact, a recent trend in politics is that candidates are incorporating blogging into their own campaigns, tying blogs into the world of politics.  In fact, in the current 2005 Chilean presidential election, the four candidates are currently using their own blogs as part of their campaign mechanisms (Blog Herald, 2005).

Personal Blogs

The term personal blogs is often used to describe an online diary or journal, such as Xanga. The weblog format of an online diary makes it possible for users without much experience to create, format, and post entries with ease. People often write their day-to-day experiences, complaints, poems, prose, illicit thoughts and more,  allowing others to contribute.

Health Blogs

Blogs written as personal accounts of living with a specific health issue, sharing information about the experience with others who have an interest in that health issue and providing mutual support. A major category of health blogs are medical blogs, which themselves generally fall into two categories. One type is a blog written by a health care professional about his or her work experiences, medical news or other personal thoughts. A more recent trend is a blog that deals with actual patient cases. This latter blog allows other physicians to submit cases to the web site. Physicians can then offer comments or help with the case.

Literary Blogs

A “litblog” as it is sometimes called, is a blog that focuses primarily on the topic of literature. There is a community of litblogs in the blogosphere whose authors cover a variety of subtopics within the realm of literary matters. Litbloggers write about the publishing industry, writing, current fiction, poetry, literary journals, reader’s diaries, criticism and genres of literature, including science fiction and mystery, just to name a few.

Travel Blogs

Famous explorers wrote their journeys down on paper.  Blogging has opened the forum for everyone, thus allowing modern-day travelers with blogs as a way to share their stories and photos, even while they are traveling around the world.

Research Blogs

An increasing number of scholars and students blog their research notes, combining the traditional scholar’s private notebook with public discussion. A related genre is the anonymous professor’s blog, where the various issues related to academia are freely discussed.

Educational Blogs

Students often use blogs as records of their learning while teachers use them as records of what they taught.  For example, a teacher can blog a course, recording day-by-day what was taught, including links to internet resources, and specifying what homework students are required to carry out. This application has many advantages: (1) a student can quickly catch-up if they miss a class; (2) the teacher can use the blog as a course plan; and (3) the blog serves as an accurate summary of the course that prospective students or new teachers can refer to.